Australian Biometrics Collection Centre: Quick and Secure Identification Process

Australian Biometrics Collection Centre

Students from countries participating in the biometrics collection process will need to attend an Australian Biometrics Collection Centre (ABCC). This is a quick, discreet and non-intrusive process that captures a facial image with a digital camera and a fingerprint scan using a digital fingerprint scanner.

The Department of Home Affairs has awarded a contract to VFS Global to provide the service at 165 locations across the Americas, Mekong, Middle East and North Africa, North Asia, South Asia and Southeast Asia.

What is a biometric?

Biometrics are a set of digital security methods that use physical attributes to identify and verify a person’s identity. These include physical features (such as fingerprints, iris, face and palm/vein patterns), as well as behavioural characteristics (like keystroke patterns). They are generally more secure than traditional passwords and PINs which can be easily compromised or guessed.

Service designers should be aware that cultural and religious factors may limit an individual’s ability to enrol in a biometric system and provide appropriate alternatives for those who cannot participate. They should also ensure that there are transparent complaint and enquiries systems, as well as clear avenues for redress, for individuals whose biometric information is incorrectly used or disclosed. The redress mechanisms should be informed by IPP 2 of the PDP Act.

What are the requirements for biometrics?

The embassy or consulate will send you a notice to attend a biometrics appointment at the Offsite Facilitation Center (OFC) or Australian Biometrics Collection Centre (ABCC). Make sure you bring a printed copy of your US visa application barcode number on the DS-160 confirmation page, one recent passport-style photograph that is clearly showing your face and full frontal view, your completed DS-160 form and all supporting documentation.

At the OFC or ABCC, an immigration officer will scan your 10 fingerprints using a digital scanner. It is important that your fingers are free from decoration, abrasions, cuts or permanent markings such as mehndi/henna. The officer will also take a digital photo of you.

Once the process is complete, you will receive a stamp on your appointment letter that confirms you attended. Keep this in a safe place as it can help you prove that you did attend your biometrics appointment if you are ever asked to do so.

Can I transfer biometrics from a previous application?

The Department does not transfer biometrics from one application to another. You will have to provide new biometrics each time you apply for a visa. The biometrics collection process consists of the scanning of 10 fingerprints and a digital facial image photograph. The collection can take less than 15 minutes.

It is important to note that the digital scanner can only read your fingerprints if your hands are clean. Therefore, it is advisable to bring hand lotion with you for your appointment.

In addition, it is also a good idea to wear loose clothing with a clear front so that the facial image taken can be clearly seen. It is not recommended to wear hats, scarfs or any other items that obscure the face or neck (with the exception of religious head coverings detailed below). Moreover, it is also a good idea to avoid eating or drinking prior to your appointment. This will help prevent any spillage or stains that may impact the quality of your photographs.

Can I be exempt from providing biometrics?

In very rare circumstances you may be able to excuse an individual from the requirement to provide biometrics. The exceptions are set out in section R12.8 of the Immigration Rules.

Individuals who claim that they are physically unable to attend a centre must supply satisfactory medical evidence. In such cases a senior official can agree to defer the biometric enrolment, or where appropriate re-use previously enrolled data.

For children aged under 16 who cannot attend a centre it is essential that you enrol their biometrics in the presence of a responsible adult. This is an adult who takes responsibility for the child, such as their parent or legal guardian.

Applicants lodged with Australian missions overseas will need to visit a local Australian Biometrics Collection Centre (ABCC) in person to have their 10-digit fingerprint scan and digital facial photograph taken. This is a new requirement for people lodging visa applications from overseas. The program began at selected locations in late 2010. As the rollout continues ABCCs will be located at Australian missions around the world.

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Exploring Fingerprint Patterns and Predicting Blood Group and Medical Conditions

How Many Fingerprint Patterns Are There?

No two people have identical fingerprints. The shape, size and number of minor details in each one make them unique.

This research paper will study about relationship patterns of different features of fingerprints with blood group and will analyze it with the help of Machine learning technique to predict blood group and common clinical diseases like hypertension, type 2 diabetes and arthritis.


Loops are one of the most common fingerprint patterns. They are described as edges that start from the center of a finger and circle around to the thumb side. These patterns can be grouped into several categories, including radial loops, spiral whorls, concentric whorls, and elongated whorls. Loops that open near the thumb are considered ulnar loops. They are also known as tented arches. The shape and size of a person’s fingerprints are unique to them. They don’t change with age, except in rare cases of injuries or plastic surgery.

Fingerprints are a reliable means of identification, as they do not change with time. They can be used to determine the blood type of an individual and are often analyzed for medical conditions such as arthritis and hypertension. However, determining the blood type from a fingerprint can be difficult because of the complexity of the ridge and valley details in the prints.

The present investigation aims to explore the association between the distribution of unique finger impression pattern (dermatoglyphic), blood group and sexual orientation. The results show that the recurrence of loops is highest among the participants with blood groups O and B, followed by whorl curve and composite, and lowest among the subjects with blood group AB.


Floral whorls are helical patterns of leaves or flowers, forming an appealing and visually intriguing structure. They are a vital component of the flower and may be classified as monoclamydeous, diclamydeous, or polyclamydeous. Each of these types have unique characteristics that help them to distinguish themselves from other flowers.

A recent study by Shivaleela et al. investigated the association between blood group and minute patterns of fingerprints to predict common clinical diseases. The experiment involved 25 male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were either ischemic coronary or had the family ancestry of cardiovascular disorders. The researchers found that whorls were more prevalent in type 2 diabetics with ischemic coronary disease than those without it.

The investigation also analyzed dermatoglyphic markers of blood groups. It was discovered that loops are the most commonly seen fingerprint example, followed by whorls and curves. The frequency of loops was found to be higher in the O positive and B positive blood groups, while whorls were more prominent among those with the A negative blood group. In terms of gender, there was no significant difference in the occurrences of different patterns between men and women. However, occurrences of whorls were higher on the correct hands than the left. This is probably because of a stronger skeletal structure in the right hand.


It is important to understand that most natural arches are quite short-lived on geologic time scales. They are not nearly as old as some other features such as lava tubes or canyon walls. Therefore, it is difficult to determine their age with any degree of accuracy. In addition, most arch measurement techniques are unreliable. For example, steel tape measurements are inaccurate due to the flexing of the arch when it is measured and the fact that different points on an arch can be measured differently. Other less reliable methods include pacing, visual estimates, differential GPS and comparison to other objects of known size.

The majority of the ridgelines in an arch pattern will stream into the print from one side, ascend like a tented arch and then bend back around and stream out the opposite side from where they entered. There are two kinds of arches: plain and tented. The former are found in five percent of all fingerprint patterns while the latter is found in just a few percent.

An individual’s fingerprint pattern is unique to that person. The chance of indistinguishable twins with the same fingerprint pattern is one in six million. Moreover, fingerprint minutiae do not change with age, even after death. This uniqueness makes fingerprint proof the most dependable type of evidence in a court case.

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Enhancing Digital Identity Security through Biometrics

The Benefits of Using Biometrics for Your Digital Identity


Biometrics can offer an extra layer of security to your digital identity. It can verify who you are, and reduce fraudulent activities such as phishing or hacking.

q Biometrics are a much safer way to secure your account than traditional passwords since they are based on physical features that cannot be stolen or copied. They are also more convenient because you don’t have to remember a long string of random numbers and letters.

In addition, the verification process is performed entirely on-device. This ensures that your biometric data is not stored anywhere, unlike a password which can be compromised by hackers and potentially shared with other parties. However, if you have a static biometric modality such as fingerprint, facial recognition or voice recognition, it is essential to ensure that it includes liveness detection which can prevent spoofing of a person’s traits during a presentation attack. Also, be sure to assess manufacturer published performance metrics, particularly those based on ideal testing conditions.


Biometrics offer convenience, especially in mobile devices, where passwords are easy for hackers to crack. They are a great way to authenticate transactions quickly and securely, and can be augmented with security keys to add another layer of protection.

q biometrics also reduce the risk of fraudulent activities such as identity theft and phishing by offering a secure way to verify a user’s identity. This is particularly important for financial services, where implementing strong authentication can reduce account takeovers and other malicious activity.

q biometrics are becoming increasingly convenient to use, with fingerprint and face recognition already being used by select airlines for check-in and hotels to enable self-check in. They can also be used to unlock connected cars, like the GV70, and can be paired with Carpay to allow simple in-car transactions. This will make biometrics more widely adopted in a variety of ways and further increase their value to users. The key to selecting a biometric modality is understanding your security goals and convenience preferences and finding the method that best fits those needs.


Biometrics are a more secure alternative to traditional passwords because they use physical features. These characteristics cannot be stolen or copied, making them a harder target for fraudulent activities.

However, biometrics are not impervious to spoofing techniques that use captured data (something that was already stolen). As such, it is critical that all q systems include liveness detection to combat spoofing attacks that leverage capture devices or databases and to reduce false acceptance rates.

Many states have passed biometric privacy laws that require businesses to provide notice and obtain consent before collecting or sharing biometric data. These requirements may also prohibit the sale or profiting from collected data. In addition, some state biometric privacy laws, such as California’s BIPA, impose time limitations on how long a business may retain and process a person’s voice or face. This requires careful consideration when designing a system.

Ethical Concerns

Biometric technology uses a unique feature of each person—such as a fingerprint or facial features—to verify identity. As such, if this data falls into the wrong hands, it could be used for identity theft or other malicious purposes.

Moreover, the nature of the system’s intimate connection to users can raise ethical concerns regarding privacy and personal information protection. Privacy breaches, even if isolated to a small group of individuals, can generate a negative response and create distrust in the technological systems as well as those institutions that require their use.

It is important for those who design and deploy these systems to address the social impacts of their work. Failure to do so can diminish the efficacy of these systems. For example, the use of facial recognition systems may be unacceptable for some people because of religious beliefs or cultural norms. Likewise, the use of fingerprinting systems in schools can raise concerns about student privacy and government surveillance.

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